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Violence victimization was not associated with BMI among men.CONCLUSIONS: Screening and support for DV victims, especially women who have also experienced childhood maltreatment, may be warranted to reduce the likelihood of health consequences associated with victimization.Victimization was defined as present in a given wave if the participant gave an affirmative response to a victimization item at that wave of data collection.

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The sample for the present study includes individuals who participated in all 4 waves of data collection, had nonmissing sampling weights, and reported at least 1 relationship for which DV was assessed ( (items listed in full in Supplemental Table 4).At wave 2, respondents were asked to report on their experiences of physical DV victimization in up to 3 relationships occurring in the previous 18 months.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study tested whether dating violence (DV) victimization is associated with increases in BMI across the transition from adolescence to young adulthood and whether gender and previous exposure to child maltreatment modify such increases.= 9295; 49.9% female) in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.Discrepancies in this body of knowledge are likely due to differences in study design, sample population, and definitions of violence victimization and adiposity.

Common across all studies, however, is a lack of consideration of differences in the association according to history of childhood maltreatment, a potentially important effect modifier.This study finds that dating violence victimization is associated with greater increases in BMI from adolescence to young adulthood among women.Women with previous exposure to childhood sexual abuse are especially vulnerable to dating violence–related increases in BMI.Exposure to childhood sexual abuse magnified the increase in BMI associated with DV victimization (β: 1.3 [95% CI: 0.3–2.3]).No other types of childhood maltreatment were significant modifiers of the DV–BMI association.Adversities in childhood are associated with later obesity, For example, individuals who have experienced early-life adversity (eg, childhood maltreatment) develop depression in response to subsequent adversity, including IPV, at higher rates than unexposed individuals.